Essential Driving Skills
Emergency Stops. Throughout your driving test your aim will be to slow down in good time and pull up gently, except in the emergency stop exercise, which will show your competence in taking immediate and effective action.
From 4th May 1999 the emergency stop will be conducted at random during one-in-three car tests to enable extra time to be spent in normal driving.
The first thing that must be said is that an emergency stop situation should not arise because an alert driver who is looking well ahead and concentrating on the job of driving will seldom, if ever, have to perform an emergency stop. However having said that we are only human, a moments un-attention could mean that a situation is not read correctly and the only way to avoid an accident may be to stop quickly
The Examiner will ask you to stop at various places during the driving test. Whenever you stop, you should do so in a safe place. The Examiner will not trap you by asking you to stop in a illegal place, but you have to select a safe position for normal stops.
It's during one of these 'stops' that the Examiner will say to you that, very shortly he will ask you to stop the vehicle as in an emergency. The signal he will give you as he says 'Stop' will be shown to you. Years ago it used to be a tap on the dashboard or the windscreen, usually with the test board. However Examiners now appear to favour holding up their right hand onto the windscreen and saying 'Stop'.
This is the one occasion in the test when you don't follow the mirrors-signal-manoeuvre routine. Before giving you the signal to 'Stop' the Examiner himself would have checked the road behind with a look over his right shoulder. He won't ask you to stop if there could be a danger to you from following traffic. Remember also that you should in any case have an idea what is behind you with frequent checks as you are driving along.
Because this is an emergency priority must be given to prompt action, this means moving your foot as quickly as possible to the footbrake. It is important to remember to apply the footbrake first and then just before you stop push the clutch down. Leaving the clutch until the very end allows the engine to assist with the braking. Pushing the clutch down too soon will disengage the engine from the drive wheels and the car will lose the engine braking effect. When you put you foot on the brake pedal you should brake firmly but avoiding pressure so hard that the wheels lock. Obviously the intention is to stop quickly but if you lock up the wheel the car can skid and then you will have very little control and it may take even longer to stop. Should the wheels lock during the braking procedure then use what is referred to as `Cadence Braking’ which involves momentarily releasing the brake and immediately re-applying it. This will allow the tyres to regain their grip
If your vehicle skids you must do something to gain control. The first thing you must do is to remove the cause of the skid, (in this case it would have been the brake), so you would have to reduce the pressure on the brake pedal in order to allow the wheels to roll. If the car is skidding straight ahead then this is all that will be necessary, however in many skids the rear of the car breaks away causing the car to begin to turn on its own axis. If the rear of the vehicle had broken away to the right then you would have to turn towards the right, if it had broken away to the left then turn to the left. In other words turn into the skid as this will help straighten the car and if you have reduced the braking and the wheels are rolling then you will regain your steering control.
While you are braking you should keep both hands on the wheel to give you the greatest possible control over the steering. You should make sure that you keep the wheel straight, do not try to steer while you are braking as this could also induce a skid. Keep both hands on the wheel until the car has fully stopped. When you have come to a halt put on the handbrake and go into neutral. You will realise that having stopped under these circumstances your vehicle will be out in the road. Before moving off you should look in the mirrors and around over both shoulders (to include the blind spot) to make sure that it is safe to move off.
Not looking over your shoulders before moving off is one of the easiest
ways to pick up a driving fault, you are usually so pleased that you brought
the car to a stop without skidding that you simply forget. Don’t
let this happen!
The Driving Test
The examiner on the driving test will expect you to:-
1. Stop the car promptly